Powered by Beck & Stone. Our nervous system is so strung that any powerful excitement, if long continued, injures our health and unfits us for duty. A young lady who was at work saw him, and whispered some foolish remark to her companion, and laughed. I said that a revival is the result of the right use of the appropriate means. I shall now proceed with the main design, to show. They admit it to be all true; their conscience and their judgment assent to it; but their faith does not see it standing out in bold relief, in all the burning realities of eternity. If they are full of the Spirit of God, sinners read it. I knew a case, once, of an individual who was very anxious, but one day I was grieved to find that her convictions seemed to be all gone. But they were trifling and vain people, and her convictions were lost. 4. They have supposed it to be such an arbitrary disposal of events, and particularly of the gift of his Spirit, as precluded a rational employment of means for promoting a revival of religion. But there is no evidence from the Bible that God exercises any such sovereignty as that. As the millennium advances, it is probable that these periodical excitements will be unknown. The preacher is a moral agent in the work: he acts; he is not a mere passive instrument; he is voluntary in promoting the conversion of sinners. Such excitements are liable to injure the health. They will be filled with a tender and burning love for souls. The agencies employed in promoting it. Not everyone embraced the ideas of the Great Awakening. Men are so spiritually sluggish, there are so many things to lead their minds off from religion, and to oppose the influence of … How long and how often has the experiment been tried, to bring the church to act steadily for God, without these periodical excitements. 3. He influences him by His Spirit, because of his great wickedness and reluctance to obey. But so long as the laws of mind remain what they are, it cannot be done in this way. When the churches are thus awakened and reformed, the reformation and salvation of sinners will follow, going through the same stages of conviction, repentance, and reformation. 3. The Great Awakening, Khan Academy. In the popular sense, a revival of religion in a community is the arousing, quickening, and reclaiming of the more or less backslidden church and the more or less general awakening of all classes, and insuring attention to the claims of God. While the movement unified the colonies and boosted church growth, experts say it also caused division among those who supported it and those who rejected it. These remarks are designed only as an introduction to the discourse. 5. Why, they would starve the world to death. I have heard a fact in relation to a pastor who entertained this supposition that a revival might come about once in five years. It does not always go to that extent, but there are always, in a genuine revival, deep convictions of sin, and often cases of abandoning all hope. It is true that religion does not properly belong to the category of cause and effect; but although It is not caused by means, yet it has its occasion, and may as naturally and certainly result from its occasion as a crop does from its cause. The stage was set for a renewal of faith, and in the late 1720s, a revival began to take root as preachers altered their messages and reemphasized concepts of Calvinism. Jesus is talked about with passion and purpose. This will lead them to labor zealously to bring others to Him. That is mere Deism. It used to be supposed that a revival would come “about once in fifteen years, when all would be converted that God intended to save,” after which the Church must wait until another crop came forward on the stage of life. Corrections? Discussion Questions for “The Language of God”, Interesting quotes from “The Impeachment of Abraham Lincoln” by Stephen L. Carter, Kevin Stilley on For Christ and Culture Radio, Early Western Civilization classroom resources. Many people have supposed God’s Sovereignty to be something very different from what it is. But as yet the state of the Christian world is such, that to expect to promote religion without excitements is unphilosophical and absurd. -- I have a proposal to make to you who are here present. In wrath remember mercy.". The whole drift of a revival, and every thing about it, is designed to present the truth to your mind, for your obedience or resistance. Part – 1 | Revival Series, 4 Major Characteristics of a Revivalist & Keys We Can Use – Part 5 | Revival Series, Three Key Factors That Make Way for Revival – Part 6 | Revival Series, 3 Key Revival Lifestyle that Bring Heaven on Earth – Part 7 | Revival Series, Power of a Worshipper & Role of Worship in Revival – Part 8 | Revival Series, Note to Worship Leaders on Hosting God – Part 9 | Revival Series, The Metaphors of Revival & Biblical Meaning – Part 10 | Revival Series, Four Actions that Quench a Move of God – Part 11 | Revival Series, 5 Keys to Hosting God in Your Life – The Revival Preparation! 2. Having direct access to the mind, and knowing infinitely well the whole history and state of each individual sinner, he employs that truth which is best adapted to his particular case, and then sets it home with Divine power. 1. A revival breaks the power of the world and of sin over Christians. The sentiment should not be admitted by the church for a moment, that revivals may be given up. Part – 2 | Revival Series, Why Does “Revival”, a Sovereign Act of God Need an Active Pursuit? When the Churches are thus awakened and reformed, the reformation and salvation of sinners will follow. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. when it is sowed, produce a crop without the blessing of God. A REVIVAL OF RELIGION IS NOT A MIRACLE. It is fraught with all that is dangerous to the interests of Zion, is death to the cause of missions, and brings in its train the damnation of the world. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Then the church will be enlightened, and the counteracting causes removed, and the entire church will be in a state of habitual and steady obedience to God. He administers neither providence nor grace with that sort of sovereignty that dispenses with the use of means. The Church uses the means. In New England in…, Revival movements have viewed the Christian message as the call to work for the reorganization of society in the sense of a kingdom of God ethic. As I understood it, he did not do this with any expectation of a revival; but he felt deeply, and poured out his heart to his people; and that sermon awakened forty heads of families, and a powerful revival followed; and so his theory about a revival once in five years was exploded. A “Revival of Religion” presupposes a declension. Christians were feeling complacent with their methods of worship, and some were disillusioned with how wealth and rationalism were dominating culture. Charles Grandison Finney (1792-1875), 19th century. Just as in the case of a converted sinner, the first step is a deep repentance, a breaking down of heart, a getting down into the dust before God, with deep humility, and forsaking of sin. He makes the truth stand out in such aspects, that it crushes the proudest man down with the weight of a mountain. He influences him by his Spirit, because of his great wickedness and reluctance to obey. They must be so excited that they will break over these counteracting influences, before they will obey God. And yet every event in nature has been brought about by means. Yes, Revival has restored hope to ruined civilizations and cultures but that is not the ultimatum. The result was a renewed dedication toward religion. Revival is not about conversions. It consists entirely in the right exercise of the powers of nature. He is influenced to this by the agency of God and by the agency of men. Great and manifold evils have originated in the providential and moral governments of God. This is evidently a principle in the Divine administration. Ordinary people were encouraged to make a personal connection with God, instead of relying on a minister. The state of the weather, and of the public health, and other circumstances concur to make every thing just right to favor the application of truth with the greatest possible efficacy. They are neither suspended nor set aside in a revival. He feels a sermon ringing in his ears all day long. Religion is the work of man. George Whitefield, a minister from Britain, had a significant impact during the Great Awakening. I have no idea of preaching about revivals. There had been a revival in his congregation. It is fraught with all that is dangerous to the interests of Zion, is death to the cause of missions, and brings in its train the damnation of the world. But however sound such reasoning may appear in the abstract, facts demonstrate its futility. Edwards was known for his passion and energy. Better keep along in the usual course, and let God give a revival when he thinks it is best. It indirectly instigated a revival in Northern Ireland and England in 1859–61. We need this type of personal revival. God has found it necessary to take advantage of the excitability there is in mankind, to produce powerful excitements among them, before He can lead them to obey. While the First Amendment enforces the “separation of church and state” it doesn’t ...read more, The Church of England, or Anglican Church, is the primary state church in England, where the concepts of church and state are linked. In the Bible, the Word of God is compared to grain, and preaching is compared to sowing the seed, and the results to the springing up and growth of the crop. But when they enter into a revival, they no longer see “men as trees, walking,” but they see things in that strong light which will renew the love of God in their hearts. The truths of the Bible appear like a dream. God is a Sovereign, and it is very wrong for you to attempt to get up a revival, just because you think a revival is needed.”. Toward the end of the 18th century another revival, known as the Second Great Awakening (c. 1795–1835), began in the United States. But as yet the state of the Christian world is such, that to expect to promote religion without excitements is unphilosophical and absurd. I wish this idea to be impressed on all your minds, for there has long been an idea prevalent that promoting religion has something very peculiar in it, not to be judged of by the ordinary rules of cause and effect; in short, that there is no connection of the means with the result, and no tendency in the means to produce the effect. TeachingAmericanHistory.org is a project of the Ashbrook Center at Ashland University, Privacy Policy it is impossible for us to say that there is not as direct an influence or agency from God, to produce a crop of grain, as there is to produce a revival. By his providential government, he so arranges events as to bring the sinner's mind and the truth in contact. The best things are always liable to abuses. But so long as the laws of mind remain what they are, it cannot be done in this way. The attempt is now making to do it by education, and other cautious and gradual improvements. She told me she had been spending the afternoon at a certain place, among some professors of religion not thinking that it would dissipate her convictions to spend an afternoon with professors of religion! III. He exercises a universal superintendence and control. What does revival of religion mean? It consists entirely in the right exercise of the powers of nature. Suppose a man were to go and preach this doctrine among farmers, about their sowing grain.