Most adults with Down syndrome will not self-report concerns about memory. What do babies with Down syndrome look like? Down syndrome is usually diagnosed during pregnancy through genetic screening or at birth through diagnostic … The reasons why are not clear. One Single Flexion Crease on the Palm of the Hand. Genes tell the body how to build proteins — the key molecules underlying all the body’s structures and functions. Lyndsey Garbi, MD, is a pediatrician who is double board-certified in pediatrics and neonatology. May 07, 2019, Medically Researchers are working to answer a similar key question about those who don't have Down syndrome: Why do some people with brain changes characteristic of Alzheimer's never show symptoms of the disease? Some characteristic signs and symptoms include intellectual disability, a small head, short neck, a flat face, upward slanting eyes, flat, low-set ears, and a protruding tongue. Excess skin in the back of the neck (nuchal translucency), A round face with a flat profile and small nose and mouth, A large tongue that may protrude from the mouth, Almond-shaped eyes with skin that covers the inner eye (epicanthus folds), White flecks in the colored part of the eyes (Brushfield spots), A small head that's somewhat flat in the back (brachycephaly), Clinodactyly: A single crease across the palm of each hand (normally there are two), short stubby fingers, and a pinky finger that curves inward, Small feet with a larger than normal space between the big and second toes. The good news is, these psychological problems can be successfully treated with behavior modification, counseling, and sometimes medication. Early symptoms may include: Reduced interest in being sociable, conversing or expressing thoughts. Hearing loss 2. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? Terms of Use. People with Down syndrome often are regarded as particularly happy, sociable, and outgoing. As adults, people with Down syndrome may learn to decide many things on their own, but will likely need help with more complex issues like birth control or managing money. 225 N. Michigan Ave. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. However, experts caution that cognitive tests should never be used as the only benchmark to diagnose dementia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mosaic Down syndrome occurs in about 2 percent of all Down syndrome cases. When she’s not dreaming of new places to visit and photograph, she can be found around the Bay Area struggling to wrangle her blind Jack Russell terrier or looking lost because she insists on walking everywhere.