1039 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<299694E35430E04E8B4D422EAD91DCE4><4D66A73713D39F4DAD7A643B1A249413>]/Index[1016 74]/Info 1015 0 R/Length 124/Prev 504574/Root 1017 0 R/Size 1090/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Following a, critique of Attwood’s argument, I suggest alternative critical methods for reading, ana-, lysing and evaluating Stolen Generations testimonies. 0000032649 00000 n As Hayden White has convincingly, argued, facts do not give rise to their own meaning; rather, meaning is a product of the. World memory: personal trajectories in global time, , Justice Maurice O’Loughlin, Federal Court, 11. , Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press. Witnesses are no longer offering their testimony as evidence to be interpreted by the. The style of the testimonies in, nies is far more confrontational, and to use Attwood's terminology, ‘symbolic’. 0000041105 00000 n for instance, on the ways in which White Australians have denied Aboriginal history: Aboriginal history is not something you can hide away from everything else …, I … believe that’s what the whole of White Australia has done over many generations, without even knowing it … Yeah, they’ve gone into removal from where they really, are and who they really are, where they really fit in — no wonder they can deny or, condone the removal of other people. picion of testimony as unreliable because it is based in memory, and as requiring checks, against other ‘historical sources’, protects these ‘other sources’ from scepticism by treat-, ing them as if they do not need to be interpreted. 0000007708 00000 n It, is worth pausing to ask: what does ‘symbolic’ mean, and what rhetorical work is this, To say that these narratives became more symbolic is to say that the narrators, interpreted their experiences according to a set of over-arching symbols, tropes and lit-, erary figures. 0000009075 00000 n 0000002918 00000 n Questions of testimony, memory and historiography have been discussed in great, detail in an international context, particularly in relation to the Holocaust. and power structures, which in turn disempowers girls and women. The Independent. P!�2�*�Tk(eDҴ�JȰ����F#R4�]�O��֍o ��`���0y#�muK�/�d}�2;���k���H* �3����@%h"�ȃ� �b����9 T%E&7�p[�ؒF���V�q6F�f��(E�\2��3���ȳ���o�w��>4S��n��qf+W�c.������/��PXq9~"�M����7����S׍��{��u���)�WS��|. 0000042099 00000 n In addition, the 1996 National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal, and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families sought out, listened to, recorded, and published many testimonies, bringing them into public circulation. with the inclination to act out an affective response to them’. The woman may be asked provocative questions about how she was dressed, and where she was when the attack occurred, and whether she knew her attacker. Its analyses show the idea of trauma functioning as a tool that all sorts of people use for a range of purposes. Broadly defined, the category of testimony includes a wide range of texts, such as autobiographical nar-, ratives, oral histories, semi-official testimonies such as those published in, testimonies and videotape testimonies. Survivor Discourse: Transgression or Recuperation? The, constructed nature of evidence means that the historian or literary critic should not read, any text, including testimony, as a ‘window’ onto the past, but as a document that must, historians recognise their own activity as meaning-makers, they might be more com-, fortable with the meanings created in the survivors’ testimonies …’. view that history is primarily a matter of finding ‘fact’ rather than of telling stories. 166 0 obj <> endobj xref It asks White Australians, and others who identify with, that subject-position, to work out where we fit into this history of separation, and into, Aboriginal history more broadly.