"Jesuit Missions in Northwestern Mexico" in. Natives Ravaged by Mexico’s Worst Drought in 7 Decades, Junior Mining Companies: The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, "UC Resources – Financial, Sales and Economic Forecasts for Investing and Business", Narco-trafficking in the Sierra Tarahumara, "Tarahumara People — National Geographic Magazine", Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen, Tarahumara Foundation- Organization that has worked with indigenous communities for twenty years, improving child nutrition, education, food security, water availability and conservation, Radio Tarahumara: Tarahumara Internet Radio featuring the world's largest collection of Tarahumara music and spoken word audio, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rarámuri&oldid=987392719, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Ich gospodarka oparta była na uprawie kukurydzy i dyni, oraz polowaniach. If you want a distinctive and beautiful Native American name, look no further. Social control is achieved informally through shunning, gossip, and scolding. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Currently, this line is used by the train Chihuahua Pacífico or El Chepe to transport tourists, lured by false representations of the area as pure and pristine, to sightseeing locales. They also acquire cash by selling their agricultural products and by producing items for sale to tourists. Ceremonies. However, roads and tourism have expanded, bringing opportunities for some but problems for others.

In 2010, Mexico's mining output reached high levels: 19% of the world's silver production was extracted here, and the mining belt was the world's most productive district as it was historically. "[21] During the end of the year cycle, the Tarahumaras play violins which are masterfully carved but not varnished. [19] The beings of most importance are: God (Riosi), God's wife, who is the Christian Virgin Mary transformed[citation needed], and the devil (Riablo). ETHNONYMS: Cerracuna, Cuna-Cuna, Cuna Tule, Palatola, Tule, Walatola, Yalatola The Jesuits returned in the 1670s and baptized thousands of Tarahumara, but these people retained a separate identity. Most missions in Tarahumara country ceased to operate[10] or were turned over to Franciscans. Trade. The European introduction of plows, axes, livestock, fruit trees, and Old World crops such as wheat enhanced rather than transformed traditional agricultural practices. At Spanish contact (around 1600), they were bordered on the south by the Tepehuan, on the east and north by the Concho, on the northwest by the Mountain Pima, on the southwest by the Tubar, and on the west by the Guarijía and a number of other small groups closely related culturally and linguistically to the Tarahumara.

Current Anthropology, Vol.25, № 4, August-October 1984 Montenegro, Ángel Acuña Delgado, The Rarámuri Race as a Metaphor of Cultural Resistance, Artykuł w national Geographic o Tarahumara, Artykułu „Born to Run” napisanego przez Ingfei Chena, Fragmentu filmu dokumentalnego BBC z 2002 roku „Life of the Mammals”, https://pl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tarahumara&oldid=61201158, Artykuły niezgodne z normami polskiego języka literackiego, licencji Creative Commons: uznanie autorstwa, na tych samych warunkach, Korzystasz z Wikipedii tylko na własną odpowiedzialność. Bennett, Wendell C, and Robert M. Zingg (1935). polowaniu uporczywym. The Tarahumara make most of their basic household and agricultural implements and ritual paraphernalia from locally available raw materials, but they purchase manufactured goods such as cloth, metal tools, and plastic and metal containers. [36] Alberto Herrera, the Mexican director of Amnesty International stated that the indigenous people in his country have endured "permanent discrimination, exclusion and marginalization."[37]. (1978) Tarahumara of the Sierra Madre; Beer, Ecology and Social Organization, AHM Publishing Corp, Arlington Heights, Illinois. Bieganie w kulturze Tarahumara jest częścią tradycji. Słyną z niezwykłej wytrzymałości w biegu, którą wykorzystują w tzw. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. It is kept moist until the corn sprouts by which time the starch in the corn has fermented. Tarahumara animal words Tarahumara body parts Additional Resources Mexico indigenous people Native myths Indian baby name Uto-Aztecans Contemporary Tarahumara religion is oriented toward maintaining proper relations with their deities, who tend to be either benevolently or malevolently inclined toward them. Słyną z niezwykłej wytrzymałości w biegu, którą wykorzystują w tzw. W czasie wyścigów prowadzone są zakłady. Young newlyweds usually move between their natal households until they are economically independent. TAP—Air Portugal Transportes Aéreos Portugueses S.A. Tarasius, Patriarch of Constantinople, St. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tarahumara. Such conflicts are often forgotten, but if they persist the pueblo political officials sometimes intervene. Encyclopedia of World Cultures. [40] Large areas were deforested to exploit metal deposits. By the mid-nineteenth century, social and economic disruptions following Mexican independence in 1821 led to the abandonment of the mission system, but the Jesuits reestablished it in 1900. Surviving relatives sponsor a series of rituals to provide the dead food and goods and to encourage them to sever their relations with the living. W tym czasie wielu Indian uciekło z zamieszkiwanych wcześniej terenów i osiedliło się w górach obecnego stanu Chihuahua. Najdłuższe wyścigi mają dystans około 100 km dla kobiet i około 200 km dla mężczyzn. Photos by Don Burgess and Bob Schalkwijk: Fructuoso Irigoyen Rascón. At Spanish contact, the Tarahumara lived across much of what is now central and western Chihuahua, Mexico, from 106° to 108° W and 26° to 30° N. During the colonial period, some Tarahumara entered Spanish economic centers to the south and east of their aboriginal territory, whereas others retreated to the west.

In some cases, the Devil can be persuaded to act as a benevolent entity. Oszukiwanie okrywa więc hańbą całą społeczność, a nie tylko pojedynczego uczestnika bądź drużynę[5][6].

[43] Cartels have exploited the Tarahumaras' reputation as long distance runners by forcing them into running illegal drugs into the United States.[44]. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content.