In a 100 gram reference amount, raw cashews provide 553 Calories, 67% of the Daily Value (DV) in total fats, 36% DV of protein, 13% DV of dietary fiber and 11% DV of carbohydrates. We use cookies to offer you a better experience. Answer: There is an enormous amount of confusion surround what exactly are nuts. This drupe is considered the ‘true’ fruit of the tree while the cashew apple is thought of as an accessory or ‘false’ fruit. via @DrRosane, Here is an easy and delicious whole food #plantbased cashew #recipe! However, you can now find cashews cultivated in many countries that enjoy tropical climates. While the cashew may be considered a nut in the culinary world or in loose terms, it is not a nut botanically speaking. Later, it is reconstituted with water and fermented, then distilled to make a strong liquor named gongo. [1][2][3] Portuguese colonists in Brazil began exporting cashew nuts as early as the 1550s.

Photo from 2016, Species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, This article is about the tree and its nut.

The drupe develops first on the tree, and then the pedicel expands to become the cashew apple. Cashews belong to the same family as mangos, poison ivy, and pistachios. "World Agriculture and the Environment", by Jason W. Clay. [25] Iron, potassium, zinc, and selenium are present in significant content (14-61% DV) (table). via @DrRosane, #Cashew…the nut that is not really a nut! [30] Its composition varies depending on how it is processed. [14], In Brazil, cashew fruit juice and the fruit pulp are used in the production of sweets, juice, alcoholic beverages, such as cachaça, and as a flour, milk or cheese. [37], As well as the nut and fruit, the plant has several other uses. A 28-gram (1-oz) serving of dry roasted cashews provides 9 percent of the recommended daily value of protein, but also 8 percent of the daily value of calories. Before that roasting process, however, cashews are a beautiful shade of green! The leaves are spirally arranged, leathery textured, elliptic to obovate, 4–22 cm (1.6–8.7 in) long and 2–15 cm (0.79–5.91 in) broad, with smooth margins.

Following the dictates of common culinary usage: nuts (noun, plural) are things that grow on trees, have hard shells and are edible. The apple rots quickly once off the vine (in about 24 hours at room temperature), so you likely aren’t going to find these at your local grocery store. [citation needed], The true fruit of the cashew tree is a kidney– or boxing-glove–shaped drupe that grows at the end of the cashew apple. The species is native to Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America, including northeastern Brazil.

Fermented juice then undergoes a double distillation process. Great care needs to be taken to remove the shell to get to that delicious edible kernel we know as the cashew. ‘monkey rose apple’).

[13] In Mozambique, bolo polana is a cake prepared using powdered cashews and mashed potatoes as the main ingredients. It is known under various names in the local languages of Mozambique (muchekele in Emakua, spoken in the North; xicadju in Changana, spoken in the South). CNSL may be used as a resin for carbon composite products. Since then cashew production has shifted to Asian countries, with Vietnam being the largest exporter of cashews for the last 11 years. Its English name derives from the Portuguese name for the fruit of the cashew tree: caju (Portuguese pronunciation: [kaˈʒu]), also known as acaju, which itself is from the Tupian word acajú, literally meaning "nut that produces itself".

vitamins and minerals including copper, manganese, magnesium and phosphorous, vitamin K, iron, and zinc. In many countries, particularly in South America, the cashew apple is used to flavor drinks, both alcoholic and nonalcoholic.

As you might assume, harvesting and processing cashews is challenging given that the shell is an irritant. Drupes contain a fleshy outer layer that commonly encompasses a stone or pit.

The actual fruit is the cashew “nut”. As time evolved, the tree continued to extend its presence to both Southeast Asia and Africa where it is still grown today. The cashew (Anacardium occidentale named by Linnaeus) is actually an indehiscent dry fruit (it does not split open when ripe) that is termed a "nut." The part we eat is the "kernel" which has had its hard shell and testa (skin) removed. [30], This natural oil phenol has interesting chemical structural features that can be modified to create a wide spectrum of biobased monomers. [25] Cashews are rich sources (20% or more of the DV) of dietary minerals, including particularly copper, manganese, phosphorus, and magnesium (79-110% DV), and of thiamin, vitamin B6 and vitamin K (32-37% DV) (table). By using our site, you agree to our use of, Celebrate #NationalCashewDay with us! Raw cashews contain urushiol, a resin that is toxic if ingested and can cause rashes or burns if it contacts the skin. The resulting beverage is called feni or fenny. It is a raw material of multiple uses in developing drugs, antioxidants, fungicides, and biomaterials.

Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. National Museum of Denmark, View of a cashew tree stem in Lawachara National Park, Bangladesh. They are also an excellent ingredient for thickening sauces. The cashew nut yields for the traditional tree are about 0.25 metric tons per hectare, in contrast to over a ton per hectare for the dwarf variety. A cashew is a bit different than the drupes mentioned above because it has a seed that hangs below the the fleshly fruit instead of being enclosed inside (see the picture below). Cashew nutshell liquid (CNSL) or cashew shell oil (CAS registry number 8007-24-7) is a natural resin with a yellowish sheen found in the honeycomb structure of the cashew nutshell, and is a byproduct of processing cashew nuts. [25], For some 6%[citation needed] of people, cashews can lead to complications or allergic reactions[26][27][28] which may be life-threatening.

Some popular examples of drupes are peaches, apricots, and avocados. The cashew, known botanically as Anacardium occidentale, is the seed of a tropical evergreen shrub related to mango, pistachio and poison ivy. The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and the cashew apple. Each has the charactertistics mentioned above of the fleshy outside layer with a pit and seed. For the rapid transit station, see.