During the night, the Confederates withdrew across the Etowah River. in the East, and Joseph E. Johnston's Army of Tennessee in the West. of the Cumberland, in pursuit of the retreating Rebels. The engagement took place in Bartow County, Georgia, near the town of Adairsville, on May 17, 1864. toward Atlanta. I made it Adairsville just before 8:00am and began making images just north of town at the site of the Saxon House. Light Artillery Regiment. Ohio units that toward Cassville. Two days American History Central is an independent encyclopedia of American history, built on the eCMS platform. © R.Squared Communications LLC | Powered by Encyclopedia Content Management System (eCMS), Battle of Adairsville, American Civil War, William T. Sherman, Joseph E. Johnston, Atlanta Campaign, Adairsville, Georgia, http://www.americanhistorycentral.com/entries/battle-of-adairsville/. Confederate forces commanded by Leonidas Polk and John Bell Hood Harry Searles, Past Present & Future and Mike Mangus, The Ohio State University Johnston continued south to Adairsville. GET THE BEST OF AMERICAN HISTORY CENTRAL DELIVERED TO YOUR INBOX! Certainly Johnston was not required to allow the advice of subordinates to overrule his own judgment. toward Cassville. The battle was perhaps more significant for what did … Johnston formed his army on a ridge and hoped that Sherman would attack him there. Union forces were under the command of William T. Sherman. No definite resolution of this dispute is possible, but most of the available evidence supports Hood's version of the conference. They had lost a very strong position at Dalton, and had fallen back from Resaca, Calhoun, and Adairsville. On May 19, during the morning, Johnston ordered Hood to march along a country road a mile or so east of the Adairsville-Cassville Road and form his corps for battle facing west. Hood's corps took the right, Polk the center, and Hardee moved to hold the left. 9 Nov 2020 , "Battle of Adairsville." Two days later, Sherman led three armies, the Army of the Tennessee, commanded by Major General James B. McPherson; the Army of the Ohio, commanded by Major General John M. Schofield; and the Army of the Cumberland, commanded by Major General George H. Thomas, out of Tennessee in pursuit of Johnston’s army in northern Georgia. — Between May 7, and May 15, 1864, Sherman’s forces engaged the Army of Tennessee in the Battle of Rocky Face Ridge near Dalton, Georgia, and then at the Battle of Resaca, near Resaca, Georgia. unsuitable for establishing a strong defensive line near Calhoun, Georgia, Believing that the fears of the corps commanders would be communicated to their men and thus weaken the army's confidence, Johnston yielded to these demands, even though he thought the position to be defensible. The Battle of Adairsville was an engagement between Union forces commanded by Major General William T. Sherman and Confederate forces commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston on May 17, 1864 during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. © 2010-2020 Past Present & Future, Inc. | Powererd by eCMS from R.Squared Communications, Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War, Abolitionist and Underground Railroad Resources, One Hundred Sixth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Lincoln, Lincoln, Pinkerton and McClelland at Antietam, Union Brigadier General Samuel Spriggs Carroll, Battery A, 1st Ohio Fearing being caught between two columns of Federal soldiers, Hood fell back and rejoined Polk, failing to spring the trap. Sherman reacted as Johnston hoped, ordering Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson and the bulk of Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas's army toward Kingston while sending only Maj. Gen. John Schofield and one corps of Thomas's army along the road to Cassville. Light Artillery Regiment, Battery I, 1st Ohio Failing to find a good defensive position south of Calhoun, Johnston continued to Adairsville while the Rebel cavalry fought a skillful rearguard action. participated in the Battle of Adairsville included: The Battle of Confederate defenders in each case, forcing Johnston to pull back to the south Union Grant’s primary military strategy was a coordinated effort to attack and defeat the two major Confederate armies in the field, Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia in the East, and Joseph E. Johnston’s Army of Tennessee in the West. Light Artillery Regiment, Battery D, 1st Ohio When Johnston withdrew from Adairsville, he sent one corps of his army to When Johnston withdrew from Adairsville, he sent one corps of his army to nearby Kinston to create a diversion, while the bulk of his army moved south toward Cassville. I made images at numerous places here. After a brief skirmish with the Northerners, Hood fell back to rejoin Polk. The Chase is probably the war’s best known escapade, made famous by a Walt Disney movie of the same name. Get the study guides for history and U.S. politics from Amazon.com and get ready for your 2021 AP exams! As usual, Johnston was confident of repulsing the Union army. On May 17, skirmish fire continued throughout the day and into the early evening. Union victories at Lookout Mountain (November 24) and Missionary Ridge (November 25) forced Johnston to withdraw thirty miles south to near Dalton, Georgia. Sherman took the bait and sent the Army of the Ohio, along with one corps of the Army of the Cumberland, in pursuit of the retreating Rebels. When the Confederates abandoned Adairsville during the night, Johnston sent Maj. Gen. William J. Hardee's Corps to Kingston, while he fell back toward Cassville with the rest of his army. Face Ridge near Dalton, Georgia and then at the Battle of Resaca, near Resaca, The Battle of Adairsville was fought on Mary 17, 1864, during the Civil War. Fearing There were two roads leading south from Adairsville—one south to Kingston, the other southeast to Cassville. 1864, Grant launched his Overland Campaign against Lee in Virginia. The Civil War brought much action to Adairsville, including the Gravel House Battle (May 17, 1864) and the Great Locomotive Chase (April 12, 1862). The Battle of Adairsville was a Confederate delaying action that allowed Gen. Joseph E. Johnston to bait a trap for the Union army at Cassville. Need the study guide for a different exam? From Adiarsville I traveled south on U.S. 41 to Cassville. The Declaration of Independence [Rough Draft]. primary military strategy was a coordinated effort to attack and defeat the two Battle of Adairsville Background. Sherman, in command of Federal operations in the Western Theater. Product links and links to Amazon.com are part of our Amazon Affiliate Program. The responsibility for abandoning the Cassville position rests on Johnston. As Hood was moving into position, he found Northern soldiers to the east. Easy unsubscribe links are included in every email. While Polk attacked the head of the Federal column, Hood was to assail its left flank. to Washington, DC, leaving his trusted subordinate, Major General William T. After the Federal Georgia. The brief engagement was a Confederate delaying action that allowed General Joseph E. Johnston to bait a trap for the Union army at Cassville. That night, the Confederate leaders held a council of war. The site is owned, operated, and funded by R.Squared Communications, LLC. General and placed in command of all Union armies. Please view our Privacy Policy regarding the use of cookies and visitor tracking. The brief engagement was a Confederate delaying action that allowed General Joseph E. Johnston to bait a trap for the Union army at Cassville. Maj. Gen. Finding the terrain unsuitable for establishing a strong defensive line near Calhoun, Georgia, Johnston continued south to Adairsville. Following the Battle of Resaca, May 13-15, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army retreated southward while Sherman pursued. Now they were retreating again under cover of darkness. This was a source of great danger, for had Hood formed facing west, these Federals would have been in position to attack the exposed flank and rear of his corps. William Sherman commanded Union forces in the Battle of Adairsville. May 17, 1864 Battle of Adairsville. The battle comprised a series of skirmishes throughout the day, which amounted to little more than a delaying action to allow Johnston to move farther south toward Cassville. Grant's The Battle of Adairsville was a battle of the Atlanta Campaign fought during the American Civil War on May 17, 1864, just northeast of Rome, Georgia. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to receive news, offers, updates, and additional information from R.Squared Communications, LLC and American History Central. Hardee would then hold off the Northerners at Kingston while Johnston, with Gen. Leonidas Polk and Maj. Gen. John B. May 17, 1864 Failing to find a good defensive position south of Calhoun, Johnston continued to Adairsville while the Rebel cavalry fought a skillful rearguard action. Johnston, believing that the opportunity for a successful battle had passed, ordered Hood and Polk to move to a new line east and south of Cassville, where they were joined by Hardee who had been pushed out of Kingston. Thus, Sherman was spared the possibility of a Although the fighting was inconclusive, Sherman outflanked the Confederate defenders in each case, forcing Johnston to pull back to the south toward Atlanta. As they fell back, their feelings were mixed. The Battle of Adairsville was a Confederate delaying action that allowed Gen. Joseph E. Johnston to bait a trap for the Union army at Cassville. Adairsville was perhaps more significant for what did not happen than what did. At Adairsville, Johnston again hoped to find a position in which he could give battle, but there too the terrain was unsuitable for defense and the Confederate commander was forced to continue his withdrawal. Confederate forces were under the command of Joseph E. Johnston. "Battle of Adairsville," Ohio Civil War Central, 2020, Ohio Civil War Central. According to Hood, whose recollection of the council differs markedly from Johnston's, he and Polk told Johnston that the line could not be held against an attack but that it was a good position from which to move against the enemy. Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston's siege of Chattanooga, Tennessee. Updated: December 26, 2010. Two miles north of Adairsville, a portion of General William T. Sherman’s Union army ran into Confederate infantry. Johnston hoped that Sherman would believe that he was preparing for battle at Kinston and mass most Union soldiers there while sending a smaller contingent to follow the Rebels headed for Cassville. As Sherman continued his pursuit of Johnston, the armies engaged again near Adairsville, Georgia on May 17. The main Confederate armies in the field, Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia American History Central is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, a program designed to allow sites to generate revenue by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Johnston, however, was unwilling to risk an offensive battle and decided to fall back across the Etowah. The Battle of Adairsville took place. nearby Kinston to create a diversion, while the bulk of his army moved south As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.