This did not happen (see below), but a strong local tsunami was triggered, with waves up to 2.6 m high, causing massive damage especially in Valparaiso, about 300 km north of the epicentre. This page was last changed on 28 February 2020, at 03:42. The magnitude 8.8 earthquake occurred on 27 February 2010, at 03:34 a.m. local time. Chile is largely located on the boarders of the oceanic Nazca plate and the continental South American plate. Pour le tremblement de terre 2016, voir 2016 tremblement de terre Chiloé. The capital, Santiago, lies some 330 km NNE, too far to be strongly affected. Pour le tremblement de terre 2015, voir 2015 tremblement de terre Illapel. The absence of a strong governmental response and suitable infrastructure (heavy machinery, etc.) With people living in predominantly substandard buildings, with little knowledge on the seismic hazard and how best to prepare for or behave during and after it, vulnerability in Haiti was much higher. The rocks moved 9 m (30 feet) during the earthquake. Waves are formed as the displaced water mass attempts to regain its equilibrium. Although this earthquake was one of the largest that ever happened it only created a relatively small tsunami. [1], The earthquake was also felt in the Chilean capital Santiago as well as in some Argentinean cities. Both geological and socio-political reasons can be cited. The earthquake, which has gained wide acceptance as one of the most powerful to ever have occurred in all of history, had its epicenter off the Coast of the Chilean town of Pelluhue. Following a request from one of ITCs partners in Chile, the Instituto Geográfico Militar, an ITC staff member. It was the strongest quake to hit the region since the Chilean Valparaiso earthquake in 1960. La Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge est le plus vaste réseau humanitaire au monde. Dr. Norman Kerle (, ITC-UNU School for Disaster Geoinformation Science ( Mark van der Meijde (, Over the years, you and your colleagues have been working hard to provide the best possible education. The difference in motion between these two plates is the driving mechanism behind earthquakes happening in this region. En tant que membres du Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, nous sommes guidés dans notre travail par sept Principes fondamentaux: humanité, impartialité, neutralité, indépendance, volontariat, unité et universalité. Although there are different theories as to why this was the case, the most convincing is the fact that the earthquake had its largest stress release in relatively shallower waters compared to the other two tsunami generating events. In more than 200 Charter activations since 2001, much experience has been accumulated of how to create maps of structural damage or other useful information (intact or blocked access, location of medical centers, etc.). These maps mainly serve to aid the efforts of the humanitarian community, and are fed directly into web-based portal used by those organisations to coordinate their efforts, such as Reuter’s Alertnet ( and ReliefWeb ( It was MW 6,9 in the Richter scale. The 2010 Cauquenes earthquake was an earthquake that happened off the coast of Maule region of Chile, near Cauquenes, on February 27, 2010, at 3:34 local time (6:34 UTC).It is said to have lasted between ten and thirty seconds. ITC also carries out research, such as on modelling the actual local site effects and seismic amplifications, or on how to use remote sensing data to map structural damage. Chile - Earthquake March 2010. The structural damage and number of people killed, injured or made homeless are still not clear. Risk is seen as a combination of hazard (the seismic potential, or the expected local shaking intensity), and the value and vulnerability of the so-called elements at risk in the area to be affected. South America woke up to a powerful earthquake on the 27th day of February, 2010. [7] Tsunami warnings were issued in 53 countries. More than 2 million people are thought to have been directly affected, and some 1.5 million buildings are expected to have been destroyed or badly damaged. Chile had learnt from previous large earthquakes, such as the magnitude 9.5 earthquake in 1960, for example implementing strict building codes for shake-resistant buildings, and preparing its population on how to behave during and after a large quake. 8.8, February 27, 2010 Chile earthquake rupture using static and 1Hz kinematic GPS, teleseismic, and InSAR data. The scale of that earlier event in January, and the massive international response that followed, threatened to eclipse the severity of the Chilean earthquake, also because it was clear that Chile had been far less affected than Haiti. For that, we received great, The newest Keuzegids hails your university as, We are proud of our great score in the Keuzegids Universiteiten, in which we received the title, For the fourth time in a row, we have been named, The 27 February 2010 Magnitude 8.8 earthquake in Chile. This includes teaching how to use spatial data to assess hazard and risk, as well as risk mitigation, and disaster preparedness and management approaches. The rupture began deep beneath the coast and spread into western, northern and southern directions. (p-CHL0024)Photo: IFRC. Galeries récentes: A propos de la FICR. The Chilean capital Santiago was shifted 27.7 cm in western direction, and even Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina, moved 4 cm with respect to its location before the earthquake. That after 30 hours it turned out that the tsunami was not that strong is only a relief but it was a very strong improvement with respect to earlier events. The effects were far more strongly felt in the cities of Conception (Chile’s second city) and Chillan, both about 100 km away. [3] At first, its magnitude was reported to be between 8.3 and 8.5 on the Moment magnitude scale, but this was later corrected upwards, to be at 8.8 of that scale. In July 2010, in an effort to reduce future catastrophic natural disaster losses for California, the American Red Cross coordinated and sent a delegation of 20 multidisciplinary experts on earthquake response and recovery to Chile. The fault rupture, which was largely located offshore, exceeded 100 km in width and extended nearly 500 km parallel to the coast. Just south of Concepción, the source of this years 2010 earthquake adjoins a fault rupture nearly 1,000 km long that produced the largest 20th-century earthquake worldwide – the giant 1960 earthquake of magnitude 9.5, the largest earthquake ever recorded. To use this this functionality you first need to: summary and background from a geoinformation science perspective, Fewer breast and colorectal cancer diagnoses due to the COVID-19 crisis in the Netherlands, UT improves mobility of paretic patients through wearable robots, Ten 'Veni' grants for young UT scientists, NWO-Vidi of 800,000 euros for 2 UT researchers, Early cancer detection can be improved using 'loosely stacked' detection layers, Faculties, institutes & service departments.